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Union Executive and Legislative Quiz (10 Questions)

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Union Executive and Legislative Quiz

* Answers Are Given On Red Coloured (On Every question)

1. If the Union Parliament is to assume legislative power over and subject included in the State List, the resolution to the effect has to be passed by which of the following?

a) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and legislatures of the concerned States
(b) Both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
(c) Rajya Sabha
(d) Lok Sabha
Explanation: If the Rajya Sabha declares that it is necessary for the national interest that Parliament should make laws on a matter in the State List, then the Parliament becomes competent to make laws on that matter. Such a resolution must be supported by two-thirds of the members present and voting. The resolution remains in force for one year.

2. In India, how many times has the President declared Financial Emergency?
(a) Once
(b) Never
(c) Thrice
(d) Twice
Explanation: No Financial Emergency has been declared so far, though there was a financial crisis in 1991. Article 360 empowers the president to proclaim a Financial Emergency if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen due to which the financial stability or credit of India or any part of its territory is threatened.

3. The legislature gains a priority aver the executive in:
(a) a Presidential Government
(b) a Federal Government
(c) an Authoritarian Government
(d) a Parliamentary Government
Explanation: The Parliamentary system of government refers to ‘a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature.’ That means it is a kind of democracy where the executive and legislature are inter-connected and the former obtains its democratic legitimacy from and is held accountable to, the legislature.

4. The legislature in a democratic country can influence public opinion by:
(a) Focusing attention on public issues
(b) Granting rights
(c) Enacting non-controversial laws
(d) Defining the duties of the citizens
Explanation: The legislature in a democratic country can influence public opinion by focusing attention on public issues. It offers an easy solution to the problem of political obligation. The citizens obey the law, as it rests on their will to obey. The whole process of law-making serves to obliterate the distinction between the law-giver and the law-receiver.

5. If the President wants to resign from his office, he may do so by writing to the:
(a) Speaker of Lok Sabha
(b) Vice President
(c) Chief Justice of India
(d) Prime Minister
Explanation: According to Article 56 of the Indian Constitution, the President may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Vice-President, resign his office. The same article states that the President may, for violation of the Constitution, be removed from office by impeachment in the manner provided in Article 61.

6. The name of the upper house of the Indian Parliament is:
(a) Senate
(b) Rajya Sabha
(c) House of Lords
(d) Legislative Assembly
Explanation: The Rajya Sabha or The Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India. It meets in continuous sessions, and unlike the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament is not subject to dissolution. The Vice President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

7. Who was the first speaker of the Lok Sabha?
(a) Dr. S.P. Mukerjee
(b) G.V. Mavalankar
(c) N. Sanjeeva Reddy
(d) B.R. Ambedkar
Explanation: Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar was, on 15 May 1952, elected the first Speaker of the Lok Sabha after the first general elections in independent India. Earlier, he held the positions of the President (from 1946 to 1947) of the Central Legislative Assembly and then-Speaker of the Constituent Assembly of India.

8. In the case of a deadlock between the two houses parliament the joint sitting is presided over by the:
(a) President
(b) The senior-most member of Lok Sabha
(c) Speaker of Lok Sabha
(d) Vice President
Explanation: Article 108 of the Indian Constitution prescribes the procedure for resolving a conflict between the two Houses of Parliament over a Bill through a ‘joint sitting of both the Houses’. It empowers the President to summon a ‘joint sitting’. Such a joint sitting is presided over by the Speaker who is assisted by the Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha.

9. Who administers the oath of office to the President?
(a) Chief Justice of India
(b) Speaker of Lok Sabha
(c) Vice-President
(d) Prime Minister
Explanation: The oath of office to the President is administered by the Chief Justice of India and in his absence, the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court available. The President is required to make and subscribe in the presence of the Chief Justice of an oath or affirmation that he/she shall protect, preserve and defend the Constitution

10. The President of India can be removed from his office by the:
(a) Chief Justice of India
(b) Parliament
(c) Lok Sabha
(d) Prime Minister
Explanation: According to Article 61 of the Indian Constitution, ‘the President can be removed from office by a process of impeachment for Violation of the Constitution’. The impeachment charges can be initiated by either House of Parliament. These charges should be signed by one-fourth members of the House (that framed the charges), and a 14 days notice should be given to the President.


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