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Write An Social Evils Essay India
Social evils are the issues that directly or indirectly affect the members of a society and are considered a point of controversy or a problem in regards to moral values. Common social evils include the caste system, poverty, dowry system, gender inequality, illiteracy, etc. The social evils and superstitions that dominated the society over the centuries made social reforms imperative for the development of the society and the masses. In the 19th century, the newly educated increasingly revolted against the rigid social conventions and outdated customs. They could no longer tolerate irrational and dehumanizing social practices. Moreover, the backward features of Indian society, such as the caste system or inequality of the sexes had religious sanctions in the past.
Therefore, it was necessary to reform religious practices as well. The condition of women was pathetic. The various religious practices in India, as well as the personal laws based on them, consigned women to a status inferior to that of men, polygamy, purdah system, Sati, Ban on widow remarriage, No education for female child, female infanticide and child marriage were some of the evils that had a strong grip over the society. It thus became necessary to take women out of this degraded position and help her to realize her true potential.
The problem of female foeticide, sexual harassment at the workplace and their lack of education are still prevalent; these are mainly responsible for the marginalized status of women in society. The futile glorification of Sati practice and the role of women confined to the goat walls of the house should be checked to combat evils like dowry system, female foeticide, the decline in sex ratio, harassment of women, etc. This can be achieved by educating women and making them financially independent Dowry in India, the practice of endowing gifts to the groom by the bride’s family is a tradition which changed its meaning from willingly offering gifts to demanding astronomical amounts. It not only puts immense pressure on the parents but also brings them under the burden of huge debt. The inhumane circumstances created by the groom’s family push many girls to resort to suicide or murder.
All these factors together have only worsened the inequality between the sexes. To overcome these, the government had put forward a number of steps for women empowerment like the passing of Women Reservation Bill in Rajya Sabha, laws against female foeticide, Dowry Prohibition Act, etc. Our society is facing rapid criminalization of the polity, which could also be termed as corruption. This could be the result of the fact that criminals have understood the mechanics of the electoral process and have themselves become contenders for power. Earlier, politicians patronized criminals and provided them protection from the law-enforcement agencies in exchange for the use of their muscle power during elections.
And now it is the opposite, with the criminals themselves taking over the Regina of power to meet their selfish ends and patronizing the politicians and their parties our freedom fighters and national leaders had set high ethical and moral standards in public. Life and they scrupulously followed those principles. This tendency, it is painfully observed, is now on the decline. There has been a wide and critical collapse of moral values in all walks of life which is adversely affecting our global, political and trade relations, and national economy.
Barring this, the caste system is another curse in society. Though not so rigidly in urban areas, it is still practiced in rural areas with the same degree of rigidness. Caste decides man’s marriage, social circle and professional. Untouchables suffer from numerous disabilities and restrictions. Their dress, food, place of residence, all are in a degraded state. Not only it is humiliating and inhuman, and against the democratic principle of equality by birth, it is also a cause of social disintegration.
It is believed that the 16th century Bari Mosque was destroyed by the members of Hindu nationalist and Bajrang Dal in 1992, resulting in nationwide religious riots. Constitutionally, India is a secular state, but large scale violence has periodically occurred in India since Independence. In recent decades, communal tensions and religion-based politics have become more prominent, coinciding with a rise in Islamic terrorism.
A large section of the Indian society is suffering from poverty. Poverty is a phenomenon that is objective as well as subjective. Objectively, poverty implies a dehumanizing condition in which people are unable to look after their basic needs. Subjectively, poverty stands for perceived deprivation. Poor people lack the necessary resources and capacity to satisfy basic needs like food, shelter, health, and education. Around 27 crore people live below the poverty line in India. Poor people live under difficult conditions that are not conducive to the development of their human potential, poverty interferes with development in many ways. For instance look of or inadequate nutrition arrests mental development during early childhood. A large section of poor children does not go to school. Even if they go, they become dropouts and fail to complete their education. Apparently, illiteracy is the root cause of all the social issues in our society. It is a hurdle to the social, political and economic growth of the country which Keeps people chained to ignorance. Illiteracy leads to over-population which is the basis of all the existing social problems. Firstly, illiterate people do not know the value of family planning. They give birth to many children. In some Asian societies, it is very preferable to have a son in the family. They think that their son would be the lord of their property and family name. Secondly, poor people think that if they have a number of children they would earn a lot of money.
Therefore, their big family would be beneficial to them. In addition to this, the female literacy rate is very low. And when the female literacy rate is low in a country, then the growth of the country is sluggish because the woman’s education impacts every member of the family. Illiteracy and lack of education give birth to another social evil that is ‘Superstition’, which is still prevalent in the Indian society, even in this modern era. Superstitions like, one should not leave if anyone sneezes or if a cat crosses the path, seeing a one-eyed person or a widow early in the morning is sure to bring a bad day, hooting of an owl and the howling of a dog are all signs of ill luck or even death are quite common in our society. sacrificing animals in the name of ‘offerings to God’, treating natural calamities as’ weapons of destruction’, the list of superstitions is endless. To check all the issues, the first and foremost step should be to educate people.
The government too has taken constructive measures like making primary education free and compulsory for children from 6-14 years and child labor has been banned.’ Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’ is one such initiative. The government has also taken steps to reduce poverty by small farmer’s development program, drought area development program, minimum needs program, assurance on employment and many other development schemes. A lot needs to be done to eradicate the shreds of a number of social evils still haunting our society. The citizens should strictly follow the rules as considered in the constitution and should not perform the nefarious acts like female foeticide, bride burning, dowry, racism, gender discrimination, etc.
Youth, which is the strength of our nation, should strengthen the organizations having the agenda to eradicate these social problems in India by spreading awareness and by holding demonstrations. Nothing can be done sufficiently until many people understand the problem and take action to bring a revolutionary change. Or in Albert Einstein’s words:
” The world is a dangerous place to live, not because of the people who are evil but because of the people who don’t do anything about it”.
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