SUBJECT – ENGLISH CORE
CLASS – X (10th)
QUESTION FROM – Long Walk To Freedom (Nelson Mandela) – Chapter 2
ALL EXTRA & IMPORTANT / EXERCISE QUESTION ANSWER
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Long Walk To Freedom (Nelson Mandela) – Chapter 2 (Important Questions & Answers) Class 10 – First Flight
Q1. Can you say how “10 may” is an autumn day in South Africa?
Answer – ⟩ 10 may is celebrated as autumn day in South Africa because on this day there was the largest gathering of international leaders on South African soil for the installation of South Africa’s first democratic non radical government.
Q2. When did the ceremonies take place ? Can you name any public buildings in India that made of sandstone?
The Parliament house in New Delhi, the Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi, the Supreme court of India in New Delhi and Madras High court in Chennai are some examples of Indian public buildings that are made of sandstone.
Q3. At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. what does he mean by this ? what is the “glorious human achievement” he speaks of at the end.
Answer ⟩ By human disaster Nelson Mandela means to say that coloured people have suffered a lot due to discrimination in the hands of whites. He considered it as great glorious human achievements that a black person became the President of a country. Where the blacks are not considered as human beings and are treated badly.
Q4. What does Nelson Mandela think the international leaders for?
Answer ⟩ Nelson Mandela felt privileged to be the host to the nations of the world because not too long ago, the South African were considered outlaws. He does thank all the international leaders for having come to witness his investiture as president. Since this event could be considered as a common victory for justice, peace and human dignity.
Q5. What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?
Answer ⟩ Nelson Mandela set out the ideas of poverty alleviation, Removal of suffering of peoples. He also state the ideal for the society where there would be no discrimination based on the gender or radical origins.
Q6. What do the military generals do how has their attitude changed and why?
Answer ⟩ The highest military generals of South Africa defence force and police saluted Nelson Mandela and pledged their loyalty. The attitude towards blacks had taken great change instead of arresting a black they saluted him.
7. Why were two national anthem sung that day?
Answer ⟩ On that day of the inauguration 2 National anthems sung. One by the white and other by the blacks. This symbolised the equality of blacks and whites.
8. What does courage mean to Nelson Mandela?
Answer ⟩ For Nelson Mandela courage does not mean the absence of fear but a victory over fear. According to him brave men need not to be fearless but should be able to conquer fear.
9. Which does he think is natural to love or to hate?
Answer ⟩ For Nelson Mandela love comes more naturally to the human heart than hate.
10. What “twin obligation” does Nelson Mandela mentioned?
Answer ⟩ Nelson Mandela mentions that every man has twin obligation. The first is to his family, parents, wife and children. And second obligation is to his people of his community and his country.
11. Does Nelson Mandela think the oppressor is free ? why or why not?
Answer ⟩ Nelson Mandela does not feel that the oppressor is free because according to him and oppressor is a prisoner of hatred who is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow mindedness. He feels that both the oppressor and the oppressed are robbed of their humanity.
Answer ⟩ Nelson Mandela realised in his youth that it was not just his freedom that was being curtailed, but the freedom of all blacks. The hunger for his own freedom became the hunger for the freedom of his peoples. the desire of a non racial society transformed him into a various and self sacrificing man.
Important Word Meanings Related To – Long Walk To Freedom (Nelson Mandela) Chapter 2 (English) First Flight Book :-
- Oppressor – A Person or group who oppresses peoples, (जालिम)
- Oppressed – Subject To Harsh / Treating Badly (ज़ुल्म किया हुआ)
- Curtailed – Reduce in quantity (कटौती)
- Obligation – Duty / Commitment / Responsibility (दायित्व)
- Pretoria – A city in the northern part of Gauteng province in South Africa.
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