Essay On Juvenile Delinquency

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Essay On Juvenile Delinquency

“In our country, children are considered a gift from heaven and if the child is a boy then nothing could be more soothing for the family as from the very beginning children are exempted from severe punishment for any wrong commitment on their part irrespective of the gravity of the act.” This one statement itself says and justifies for the social evil, our society is facing today: Juvenile Delinquency.

In ordinary terms, a child: roughly between the.age of 7 to 16/18 years who are involved in some kind of a.‘status offense’ such as vagrancy, immortality, truancy, and ungovernability is a juvenile delinquent. Thus, juvenile delinquency is not just about under-aged criminals, who get involved in criminal activities. In fact, the term ‘juvenile delinquency’ refers to the violation of a code of conduct or a régular occurrence of certain, patterns of disapproved behavior of children and adolescents. The well-accepted age at present for juvenile delinquents is 16 years for boys and 18 years for girls.

Juvenile delinquents are: mainly classified on the basis of their behavioral patterns. They range from the escapers, who keep away from school and get involved in petty thefts and armed robberies, destruction of property, violence, and sexual offenses. They are also classified according to the type of violation they commit.

Thus, psychologists have grouped juvenile delinquents on the basis of their personality traits as mentally defective, psychotic, neurotic, situational, and cultural delinquents. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report, the trend of children committing a crime has an alarming echo across the country.

Hard to Track Records On Juvenile Delinquency

It is extremely hard to trace and keep a check on juvenile delinquency as of all the delinquencies committed by juveniles, only a small percentage come to the notice of the police and the courts. Traditionally, surveys suggest that delinquencies like theft, burglary, robbery, dacoity, and other such offenses are most commonly committed by juveniles. But recent statistics reveal that juveniles have also been found actively involved in riots, murder, rape, kidnapping, and abduction as well.

Reason being that courts and juvenile rights advocates believe that second chance should be given to youth who commit crimes, so criminals are walking in the streets, living as our neighbors, and in many cases committing additional crimes.

The delinquency rates are comparatively much higher among boys than in girls. Children from broken homes or disturbed families who are either homeless or living with guardians are more likely to indulge in criminal activities. Low education or illiteracy and poor economic background are major features of juvenile delinquents. But nowadays, it’s not only street children who take to crime, but even children from well-off middle and upper-middle-class families are also turning to crime due to peer pressure and crime thrill—the hunger of adolescents to be heroes among their friends, the need to portray class and style, the effect of cinema have propelled the rate of imbecile delinquency in society.

The media plays’a major role in creating bogus desires and images in the minds of the youth, for which they are willing to do anything. Moreover, unmonitored access to the internet is another reason for the growth in these crimes, as many are caught swindling money from bank accounts. Children belonging to the elite class, who are either sons or daughters of politicians, businessmen are also found involved in criminal acts. This largely attributes to criminals going scot-free in high-profile criminal cases, so the fear barrier no longer exists.

Solation Is The Root Cause

Increased exposure combined with ‘solation is the root cause of these behavioral issues. Children are growing up much faster, but their conscience and ability to distinguish between right and wrong isn’t developing at the same rate and they don’t feel the need to think things through. In most cases, the cause behind juvenile delinquency is a defective upbringing or no upbringing, faulty, or no family interaction. Children are not born criminals.

It’s the situations and circumstances that lead them into delinquencies. Mostly all juvenile offenses have deeper roots and serious situational factors that are responsible for a child behaving in a particular way. Family plays a vital role in structuring the mental, emotional, and behavioral patterns of a child. Other factors’ that are responsible for the rise in juvenile delinquency are unhealthy a neighborhood, cinema, pornographic literature, and bad company.

In the UK, a child between 10 to 18 years becomes criminally responsible for his action and be tried by the youth court or could be tried in an adult court as per the gravity of the offense committed. In our country too, the time has come to bring some reforms in Juvenile laws. There is a steep rise in serious crimes involving the youth of 16 to 18 years of age as they very well know that below 18 years is the ‘getaway pass’ for them from criminal prosecution. The punishment should be made a big deterrent in order to inject the feeling of fear in the mind of the criminals.

In The Delhi Gang-rape Case

In thé recent 2012 Delhi gang-rape case, media too highlighted that ‘Most Brutal’ of all the accused persons was the juvenile. For the brutalizing act, he has been sentenced to imprisonment for the period of 3 years where others have got the death sentence: The principle that should have been followed for trying juvenile offenders is that Juvenility should be decided as per the state of mind and not just the state of the body.

Juvenile Justice Act, 1986 was enacted by our Parliament in order to provide care, protection, treatment, development, and rehabilitation of neglected or delinquent as a uniform system of juvenile justice mechanism throughout our country. These days wé have observation homes, reformatory schools, custody institutions, probation homes, etc., to help juvenile delinquents reform themselves so that they can be gradually absorbed into the mainstream of the society.

Moreover, we need to pay greater attention to‘improve the average condition in a society so that no child confronts such situations that force them to adopt unacceptable behavioral patterns. We need to find ways and means to pool the youthful energy of the children in a constructive and desired direction.

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