What Was The History Of ‘History Deccan And South India”?
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History Deccan And South India
In 1306-7, Alauddin planned two campaigns. The first was against “Rai Karan” who after his expulsion from Gujarat, had been holding Baglana on the border of Malwa. Rai Karan fought bravely, but he could not resist for long. And The second expedition was aimed against “Rai Ramachandra”, the ruler of Deogir, who had been in alliance with “Rai Karan”. In an earlier campaign, Rai Ramchandra had agreed to pay a yearly tribute to Delhi. This had failed into arrears.
The command of the second army was entrusted to Alauddin’s slave, Malik Kafur.RaiRamchandra who surrendered to Kafur was honorably treated and carried to Delhi where, after some time, he was restored to his domination with the title of Rai Rayan. A gift of one lakh tonnes was given to him along with a golden colored canopy which was a symbol of rulership. he was also given a district of Gujarat. One of his daughters was married to Alauddin. The Alliance with Rai Ramachandra was to prove to be of great value to Alauddin in his further aggrandizement in the Deccan.
Between 1309 and 1311, Malik Kafurled two campaigns in south India – the first against Warangal in the Telegana area and the other against Dwar Samudra and Mabar (modern Karnataka) and Madurai (Tamil Nadu). The court poet, Amir Khusrau made them the subject of a book. For the first time, Muslim armies penetrated as far south as Madurai and brought back untold wealth. The trade routes to south India were well known and when Kafur’s armies reached Paintan in Mabar, they found a colony of Muslim merchants settled there. The ruler even had a contingent of Muslim troops in his army.
These expeditions greatly raised Kafur in public estimation and Alauddin appointed him malik-naib or vice-regent of the empire. Following the accession of “Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq” in 1320, a sustained and vigorous forward policy began upon. After reorganizing his armies, the attacked again and this time no quarter was given to the Rai. This was followed by the conquest of Mabar which was also annexed. And “Muhammad bin Tughlaq” them raided Orissa and then returned to Delhi with rich plunder.
Next year, he subdued the Bengal Area which had been independent since the death of Balban. Thus, by 1324, the territories of the Delhi Sultanat reached up to Madurai. The last Hindu principality in the area, Kampili in South Karnataka, was annexed in 1328. A cousin of ‘Muhammad bin Tughlaq”, who had rebelled, had been given shelter there, thus providing a convenient excuse for attacking it.